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Port operators in the region are reimagining their operations, shifting to a broader concept of port-centric logistics, where they are part of a larger integrated ecosystem of global trade
However, the rapid increase in port capacities across the GCC region has led to a drop in utilisation, as supply growth has outpaced demand. Global trade patterns are gradually changing, with regional trade replacing the traditional east-west international routes. These are among the key findings of Anchored in the new reality – Ports perspectives, a new report by KPMG Lower Gulf, which captures the evolving dynamics of the region’s maritime sector and the road ahead for port operators.
Shahnawaz Nakhoda, partner, ports and logistics, KPMG Lower Gulf, said, “The GCC’s strategic geographic location and infrastructure have enabled port operators to play a vital role in global maritime trade. As the world battles geopolitical trade tensions and the coronavirus pandemic, ports are playing a vital role in keeping the flow of goods moving. Port operators are building a presence across the supply chain to enhance their value proposition.”
Container penetration in GCC countries is more than six times that of the world average and significantly higher than that of major developed nations in the west. The development of port-linked free trade zones has contributed to the success of the sector in the region. GCC port operators have continued to invest in infrastructure, expansion and technology, increasing throughput capacity, the KPMG report states. Currently, the region’s annual average capacity growth is estimated to be 4.2%—double the global average capacity growth of 2.1%, as supply growth has outpaced demand in recent years. Excess capacity has resulted in a port utilisation rate of 55% compared to the global average of 62%.
Increased concentration in the shipping industry and the adoption of larger vessels has resulted in demand for higher port productivity and better infrastructure by the liners. To address these requirements, port operators are increasingly investing in technology the report states.
GCC ports have higher-than-average vessel sizes, as they tend to be transhipment hubs. However, in the UAE and Saudi Arabia, the average duration of stay for a vessel in the port is higher than any of the other major maritime geographies, even in comparison with hubs such as Singapore and Hong Kong.
According to the KPMG report, operators are also implementing technology-led solutions to increase trade efficiency and establishing initiatives designed to overcome trade barriers. Addressing port underutilisation and congestion remains a priority.
Meanwhile, climate change is emerging as a significant risk. Other emerging challenges include growing freight traffic and critical operational challenges while delivering services. To overcome these, ports are increasing investment in smart port technologies and the integration of the value chain with digital platforms.
The KPMG report notes that port operators are integral to the global ecosystem of trade, with emerging markets remaining the primary focus. In terms of geographical footprint, DP World is the most diverse operator, with terminals in 31 countries across six continents.
Vertical integration between port operators and logistics service providers (both inland and by sea) either through alliances, or mergers and acquisitions, are picking up pace as port operators seek to increase their overall presence across the trade supply chain. Logistics service providers, especially smaller businesses that may not want to partner with port operators, would accordingly need to differentiate or improve their service offerings to remain competitive.